Signs of Anorexia
There are a number of signs of anorexia. Knowing these anorexia symptoms could save a life, because prompt treatment for the disorder is necessary to prevent severe and sometimes fatal complications of the disease. If you have any of these symptoms of anorexia, you may need professional help. See your doctor or a counselor for treatment recommendations. If you see these signs in someone you care about, encourage them to get treatment.
- Sudden and severe weight loss. This is the symptom that most people think of when they hear the word anorexia, but really it just one of many signs of anorexia. (In a growing child, failure to make expected weight gains may be a symptom.)
- A preoccupation with or obsession about food and/or weight. For instance, people with anorexia can often tell you just how many calories and fat grams are in a wide number of foods, including foods they never eat themselves. They may cook for others, collect recipes, watch cooking shows, and so on. They may weigh themselves multiple times a day. They may be able to tell you exactly how many calories certain activities burn.
- Withdrawal from social situations, especially those involving food. People with anorexia often avoid eating in public. They also want to avoid situations in which others might express concern about their eating habits or their weight.
- Lying about their weight and how much food they eat. People with anorexia may pretend to eat in order to avoid confrontations about their condition. They may also insist that they are not hungry, even when it’s been a long time since their last meal.
- Strange eating habits, such as cutting food a certain way or only eating one food. Anorexic people may experience severe anxiety if their rituals are interrupted or questioned.
- Health problems. People with anorexia are subject to a large number of health problems, including weakness, dizziness, and lethargy. These problems are likely due in part to low blood pressure. Another sign you might notice is lack or menstruation. There are many other health problems people with anorexia can suffer, but many are not noticeable unless they visit a physician. These can be quite serious problems, though, like osteoporosis (bone loss), liver disease, kidney disease, and a weakened heart muscle that can lead to cardiac arrest. Health problems are one of the more serious signs of anorexia.
- Abusing diet pills and/or laxatives. In order to help them lose weight faster, many people with anorexia turn to pills. Diet pills, of course, suppress the appetite. Laxatives cause food to move through the system faster.
- Vomiting after eating. This is actually a sign of bulimia, which is another form of eating disorder, but it often goes along with anorexia. Because of that, it is included in this list of anorexia 10 signs.
- Exercising excessively. Many people with anorexia will exercise excessively in order to help them lose more weight. (In children this may appear as restlessness or inability to sit still.) As they become sicker from the disease, however, their ability to exercise decreases. They simply don’t have the energy to do it anymore.
- Restricted eating. People with anorexia become increasingly restrictive of the foods they will eat. The variety of foods they will eat decreases and they usually avoid foods deemed as less healthy.